Kidney stones, are generally of four types. They are (1) Calcium Stones (along with Oxalate or Phospate), (2) Struvite stones (infection stones or triple phospate stones), (3) Uric Acid Stones and (4) Cystine Stones.
The first type (Calcium Stones) is the most common type among all. All of us need calcium in our diet. When we consume more calcium than what we need for our body, the excess calcium is excreted by kidneys through urine. In the process, some calcium remain in the kidneys and over a period of time, the remains of calcium accumulates and forms stones.
The second type (Struvite Stones) is generally formed due to bacterial infection in the urinary tract. The bacterias in the urinary tract release chemicals to neutralize the urinary acid. This affects chemical balance of the urine and forms struvite stones. These types of kidney stones contain mineral magnesium and waste product ammonia.
Third type (Uric Acid Stones) formed due to too much of acid in the urine. The main cause for these stones are the meat you eat. Excessive meat protien produces uric acid while digestion. If the acid level in the urine is too high, uric acid may not dissolve and this forms stones. If you have uric acid stones or if you want to avoid them, the first thing you must do is to stop or reduce consuming meat.
The fourth type (Cystine Stones) are rare. Cystine is a kind of amino acid present in protein. It does not dissolve easily. Rarely some people inherit a congenital condition (known as cystinuria)that passes large amount of cystine in the urine. This causes cystine stones. They are difficult to treat. Howerever it is possible to keep it under control and thus avoid recurrence in future.
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Wish you Good Health
Dr. Mahadev Patil
Cell Phone: +91-9481324768
This information is solely for informational purposes. IT IS NOT INTENDED TO PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. Before undertaking any course of treatment, the reader must seek the advice of the medical practitioner.